You need to determine the car safety of the Car when you are planning to buy it. May it be a brand new car or a used car. Note down all the points for car safety and tick it right away. Right from the interior, exterior, under the bonnet, crash test ratings, child safety etc. Below are the Car safety checklist you should ensure while you purchase a car.
Car Safety Guide
Crash test Ratings
Make sure that your car has gone through government crash test ratings. A full frontal crash test, side impact and rollover assessment should all be conducted. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) conducts all these tests. All the tests are scored on a five star scale and accordingly the ratings are given. The ratings will help you to understand how safe the car is when it comes to collusion, accident, injuries etc. This is the step one for car safety.
A brand new cars have a lesser concern about warranties than the used one. Maintenance and servicing concern are minimal. But with the wear and tear the concern eventually rises. So make sure you have the Best warranty on parts. Check with your dealer. Also, those dealers have a lot of initial servicing deals so don’t be shy or hesitate in asking your dealer about the various warranties. Sometimes the warranty depends on the number of kilometers driven and sometimes in the years. While you can also have some extended warranties. Gather the full information.
Rollover Resistance Rating
Taller Cars are likely to roll over as compared to smaller cars. A higher center of gravity is observed in taller vehicles. They are more heavily on the top and so can easily roll over in case of any sudden force or accident. A Car that sits lower ground are comparatively safe. As per IIHS, SUV’s rollover is 2 to 3 times more than passenger cars.
Rollover Resistance Rating will help you the task. But the drawback is that the Rating is based on static stability factor (SSF). This SSF is based on measurements of a stationary and not on the road test (not all). And so it makes a significant difference.
Every new passenger bike comes with dual front air bags.
Also the new cars have advanced new version of the smart air bag system. Depending on the model it uses electronic sensors which include safety belt use, the weight / position of the passenger sitting in the front, the position of the driver’s seats. For the front Seaters Side air bags are common which protects a person’s torso. A side-curtain bag which drops down from the headliner covering both the front and rear windows is the standard design.
Electronic Stability Control
ECS prevents your car from sliding or skidding when you make a turn at high speed. Often on Indian roads you would need to suddenly swerve, ECS will save you. Instances of Rollover can be avoided Especially in case of SUV’s. The way it is programmed and integrated with the vehicle will determine its effectiveness. ECS is often referred by various name so if you are not sure ask them. As per studies, ESC saves 10000 lives per year. Isn’t this really important to understand when it comes to Car Safety.
Highly recommended. Normally comes with all the cars. Anti Lock Brake prevents the wheels from locking up and skidding the car when you need to suddenly stop the car. It helps to keep the vehicle straight, even in any panic or hard stop and let the driver to maneuver.
Check the Exterior (mostly related to used cars)
Check Rust on car body, steering wheels, the boot line, spare Tire area, inside the petrol cap door etc. Mostly, older vehicles will have rust.
Ensure that the paint is evenly done and is not an attempt to cover hidden problem. Also check for over spray or different locks.
Check for shock absorbers. Push your car up and down from one corner. Then stop, The shocks are worn if the car doesn’t stop immediately. If there is no movement at all then shocks need to be replaced.
Check all the tires. Check the panels. Make sure all the doors move smoothly.
Check the Interior
Check the wipers, all the lights and indicators, brake light, radio levers, mirror. Ask someone to stand outside and see whether the lights are working.
Seats and Safety Belt-See whether the seats are comfortable and can be adjusted.
All the seas should have safety belts.
The webbing should not be frayed or faded.
Look for water stains on the seats. If possible also check beneath carpets and check.
Under The Bonnet
Engine-Look for burnt wiring, poorly attached hoses, oil streaks, Oil Leaks, etc.
The engine is badly worn out if large amount of gas comes out (with a blue smoky tinge). Check for all the possible cases.
Check whether Radiator leaks or are rusted. Also check for leaks in the radiator hose. Also, where the cylinder head meets the engine block.
Ensure that the car is insured before you get in the car. Once you are in, check whether warning lights go on. The oil and coolant level lights should go off after a few seconds. When the brake is released the hand-brake light should go off. Check the manual for the anti lock braking system to see what it should be. Try listening to any odd noise
Take the following test
1. Driving Tests
2. Car park Tests
3. Hill Tests
4. Brake and gear tests
5. Final Test